We will continue with the same vocab and phrases but changing to the more common abbreviated form of NGA. Using this abbreviated form has exactly the same meaning as the previous form with the separate NGA.
If the word ends with a vowel then the A is dropped from the NGA and NG is appended to the proceeding word.
If the word ends with a constantanent then you need to use the un-abbreviated form with the following exceptions:
- For words ending with N you can append the G to the preceeding word.
- For words ending with Y or W you append NG to the preceeding word.
Magtutudlo ( mag-tu-tud-lo ) – teacher
Lalaki ( la-la-ki ) – male
Babaye ( ba-ba-ye ) – female
Magtutudlong lalake (male teacher – ends with vowel so append NG)
Magtutudlong babaye (female teacher – ends with vowel so append NG)
Dako ( da-ko ) – big
Gamay ( ga-may ) – small
Balay ( ba-lay ) – house
Dakong balay (big house – ends with vowel so append NG)
Gamayng balay (small house – ends with Y so append NG)
Gwapa ( gwa-pa ) – beautiful for female
Gwapo ( gwa-po ) – handsome for male
Gwapang babaye (beautiful girl – ends with vowel so append NG)
Gwapong lalaki (handsome boy – ends with vowel so append NG)
Mahal ( ma-hal ) – expensive or precious (similar use to the English word dear)
Lami ( la-mi ) – delicious
Pagkaon ( pag-ka-on ) – food
Init ( i-nit ) – hot (temperature)
Awto ( aw-to ) – car
Mahal nga awto (expensive car – ends with L so can not use abrebiated form)
Laming pagkaon (delicious food – ends with vowel so append NG)
Init nga buntag (hot morning – ends with T so can not use abrebiated form)
Buntag ( bun-tag ) – morning
Gabii ( ga-bi-i ) – night
Maayo ( ma-a-yo ) – good
Maayong gabii (good night- ends with vowel so append NG )
Maayong buntag (good morning – ends with vowel so append NG)
The above comes from a review of my own hand written notes.